Observation of quantum hall "valley skyrmions"

Y. P. Shkolnikov, S. Misra, N. C. Bishop, E. P. De Poortere, M. Shayegan

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We report measurements of the interaction-induced quantum Hall effect in a spin-polarized AlAs two-dimensional electron system where the electrons occupy two in-plane conduction band valleys. Via the application of in-plane strain, we tune the energies of these valleys and measure the energy gap of the quantum Hall state at filling factor ν=1. The gap has a finite value even at zero strain and, with strain, rises much faster than expected from a single-particle picture, suggesting that the lowest energy charged excitations at ν=1 are "valley Skyrmions."

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number066809
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 5 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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