Observation of gapless Dirac surface states in ZrGeTe

M. Mofazzel Hosen, Klauss Dimitri, Alex Aperis, Pablo Maldonado, Ilya Belopolski, Gyanendra Dhakal, Firoza Kabir, Christopher Sims, M. Zahid Hasan, Dariusz Kaczorowski, Tomasz Durakiewicz, Peter M. Oppeneer, Madhab Neupane

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The experimental discovery of the topological Dirac semimetal establishes a platform to search for various exotic quantum phases in real materials. ZrSiS-Type materials have recently emerged as topological nodal-line semimetals where gapped Dirac-like surface states are observed. Here, we present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) study of ZrGeTe, a nonsymmorphic symmetry protected Dirac semimetal. We observe two Dirac-like gapless surface states at the same X point of the Brillouin zone. Our theoretical analysis and first-principles calculations reveal that these are protected by crystalline symmetry. Hence, ZrGeTe appears as a rare example of a naturally fine tuned system where the interplay between symmorphic and nonsymmorphic symmetry leads to rich phenomenology and thus opens up opportunities to investigate the physics of Dirac semimetallic and topological insulating phases realized in a single material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121103
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume97
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Hosen, M. M., Dimitri, K., Aperis, A., Maldonado, P., Belopolski, I., Dhakal, G., Kabir, F., Sims, C., Hasan, M. Z., Kaczorowski, D., Durakiewicz, T., Oppeneer, P. M., & Neupane, M. (2018). Observation of gapless Dirac surface states in ZrGeTe. Physical Review B, 97(12), [121103]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.121103