Observation of 2D Fermionic Mott Insulators of K 40 with Single-Site Resolution

Lawrence W. Cheuk, Matthew A. Nichols, Katherine R. Lawrence, Melih Okan, Hao Zhang, Martin W. Zwierlein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on the site-resolved observation of characteristic states of the two-dimensional repulsive Fermi-Hubbard model, using ultracold K40 atoms in an optical lattice. By varying the tunneling, interaction strength, and external confinement, we realize metallic, Mott-insulating, and band-insulating states. We directly measure the local moment, which quantifies the degree of on-site magnetization, as a function of temperature and chemical potential. Entropies per particle as low as 0.99(6)kB indicate that nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic correlations should be detectable using spin-sensitive imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235301
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume116
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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