Numerical modeling of fluid flow during geologic carbon storage

Karl Bandilla, Michael Celia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


In this chapter we discuss the different numerical modeling tools available for simulation of fluid flow induced by geologic carbon storage (GCS) operations. The governing equations of multiphase flow are introduced and common solution approaches are discussed for different spatial scales (e.g., basin-wide pressure perturbation, flow along concentrated leakage pathways). The main focus of this chapter is on three-dimensional and vertically integrated approaches. In three-dimensional approaches, the governing equations are discretized in the three spatial dimensions for numerical solution, while for vertically integrated approaches the governing equations are integrated over the thickness of a formation and the resulting two-dimensional system is solved numerically. Recent developments relating to vertically integrated approaches-such as inclusion of vertical dynamics-are also presented. We also discuss the applicability of different GCS modeling approaches to three different spatial scales: well-scale, site-scale, and basin-scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationScience of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations
Subtitle of host publicationProcess Coupling across Time and Spatial Scales
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9780128127520
ISBN (Print)9780128127537
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


  • Dynamic vertical reconstruction
  • Geologic carbon storage modeling
  • Multiphase flow
  • Simplified three-dimensional modeling
  • Spatial scales
  • Vertically integrated modeling


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