Numerical demonstration of fluctuation dynamo at low magnetic prandtl numbers

A. B. Iskakov, A. A. Schekochihin, S. C. Cowley, J. C. McWilliams, M. R.E. Proctor

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98 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct numerical simulations of incompressible nonhelical randomly forced MHD turbulence are used to demonstrate for the first time that the fluctuation dynamo exists in the limit of large magnetic Reynolds number Rm 1 and small magnetic Prandtl number Pm 1. The dependence of the critical Rmc for dynamo on the hydrodynamic Reynolds number Re is obtained for 1 Re 6700. In the limit Pm 1, Rmc is about 3 times larger than for the previously well-established dynamo at large and moderate Prandtl numbers: Rmc 200 for Re 6000 compared to Rmc∼60 for Pm 1. It is not yet possible to determine numerically whether the growth rate of the magnetic energy is Rm1/2 in the limit Rm→, as it should be if the dynamo is driven by the inertial-range motions at the resistive scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number208501
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume98
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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