Nucleolin is required for RNA polymerase I transcription in vivo

Brenden Rickards, S. J. Flint, Michael D. Cole, Gary LeRoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eukaryotic genomes are packaged with histones and accessory proteins in the form of chromatin. RNA polymerases and their accessory proteins are sufficient for transcription of naked DNA, but not of chromatin, templates in vitro. In this study, we purified and identified nucleolin as a protein that allows RNA polymerase II to transcribe nucleosomal templates in vitro. As immunofluorescence confirmed that nucleolin localizes primarily to nucleoli with RNA polymerase I, we demonstrated that nucleolin allows RNA polymerase I transcription of chromatin templates in vitro. The results of chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments established that nucleolin is associated with chromatin containing rRNA genes transcribed by RNA polymerase I but not with genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II or III. Knockdown of nucleolin by RNA interference resulted in specific inhibition of RNA polymerase I transcription. We therefore propose that an important function of nucleolin is to permit RNA polymerase I to transcribe nucleolar chromatin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-948
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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