Nuclear-Electronic Orbital Quantum Mechanical/Molecular Mechanical Real-Time Dynamics

Mathew Chow, Tao E. Li, Sharon Hammes-Schiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Simulating the nuclear-electronic quantum dynamics of large-scale molecular systems in the condensed phase is key for studying biologically and chemically important processes such as proton transfer and proton-coupled electron transfer reactions. Herein, the real-time nuclear-electronic orbital time-dependent density functional theory (RT-NEO-TDDFT) approach is combined with a hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) strategy to enable the accurate description of coupled nuclear-electronic quantum dynamics in the presence of heterogeneous environments such as solvent or proteins. The densities of the electrons and quantum protons are propagated in real time, while the other nuclei are propagated classically on the instantaneous electron-proton vibronic surface. This approach is applied to phenol bound to lysozyme, intramolecular proton transfer in malonaldehyde, and nonequilibrium excited-state intramolecular proton transfer in o-hydroxybenzaldehyde. These examples illustrate that the RT-NEO-TDDFT framework, coupled with an atomistic representation of the environment, allows the simulation of condensed-phase systems that exhibit significant nuclear quantum effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9556-9562
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number43
StatePublished - Nov 2 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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