NTC-affected ignition and low-temperature flames in nonpremixed DME/air counterflow

Sili Deng, Peng Zhao, Delin Zhu, Chung King Law

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An experimental study, supported by computation, was conducted on the coupling of NTC-chemistry and transport in the low-temperature ignition and the associated steady burning in nonpremixed DME/air counterflow. In particular, the presence of low-temperature chemical reactivity was detected nonintrusively by using a photomultiplier tube combined with a filter to capture the chemiluminescence of HCHO, which is a characteristic intermediate species formed in low-temperature chemistry. Furthermore, the ignition temperature was determined through high-sensitivity infrared imaging with proper discrimination of the background signal. Experimental results show that the transport-coupled low-temperature, NTC chemical reactivity is enhanced with smaller strain rate, higher air boundary temperature, and is insensitive to the fuel concentration. These findings agree well with those obtained from computation using detailed chemistry, leading to further identification of the controlling chemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1993-1997
Number of pages5
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


  • Chemiluminescence
  • Dimethyl ether (DME)
  • Low-temperature chemistry
  • Negative temperature coefficient (NTC)
  • Nonpremixed counterflow


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