Novel bis-C60 derivative compared to other fullerene bis-adducts in high efficiency polymer photovoltaic cells

Eszter Voroshazi, Karolien Vasseur, Tom Aernouts, Paul Heremans, Andreas Baumann, Carsten Deibel, Xiang Xue, Angela J. Herring, Andreas J. Athans, Tom A. Lada, Henning Richter, Barry P. Rand

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72 Scopus citations


We report the application of novel mono- and bis-o-quino-dimethane C 60 (oQDMC60) adducts in bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices. When blended with poly(3-hexylthiophene), the fullerene adducts presented here have an enhanced open-circuit voltage of 640 mV and 820 mV, while preserving high short-circuit current and fill factor, resulting in efficiencies of 4.1% and 5.2%, respectively. Detailed assessment of material properties relevant to photovoltaic devices such as energy levels, charge carrier mobility, absorption and solubility further complements the evaluation. Increased fullerene solubility hindering phase segregation in blends with bis-oQDMC60 has been circumvented by an in-depth morphology optimization assisted by absorption spectroscopy, X-ray reflectivity and atomic force microscopy. This optimized preparation could also serve as a guide for implementation of similar fullerene derivatives. Furthermore, we compare bis-oQDMC60 to previously reported fullerene bis-adducts to provide insight into this emerging class of materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17345-17352
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number43
StatePublished - Nov 21 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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