Not an outgroup, not yet an ingroup: Immigrants in the Stereotype Content Model

Tiane L. Lee, Susan T. Fiske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

374 Scopus citations


Stereotype research depicts the generic immigrant as incompetent and untrustworthy. The current research expands this image, specifying key information dimensions (e.g. nationality, socioeconomic status) about immigrants. To see how perceivers differentiate among particular immigrant groups, we extend a model of intergroup perception, the Stereotype Content Model (SCM; Fiske, Cuddy, Glick, & Xu, 2002. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 878-902), to immigrant subgroups. The SCM predicts that perception centers on competence and warmth, and relates to targets' perceived status and competition within society. Specified by nationality, race, ethnicity, and class, images of immigrants differ by both competence and warmth, with most groups receiving ambivalent (low-high or high-low) stereotypes rather than the uniform low-low for the generic immigrant. As predicted, ambivalent stereotypes reflect target nationality combined with socioeconomic status, supporting the SCM's ambivalent stereotypes and social structural hypotheses, as well as better defining immigrant stereotypes and their contingencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-768
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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