Magnetic susceptibility, resistivity, thermoelectric power, and Hall effect measurements have been made for RNi2B2C, R=Y,Ho,La. The Y and Ho containing compounds are superconducting, with transition temperatures of 15 and 7.5 K, respectively. The La containing compound is nonsuperconducting down to 1.5 K. A distinct linear term is seen in the susceptibility of YNi2B2C, which is not seen in the nonsuperconducting LaNi2B2C. The two superconducting compounds have a linear resistivity at high temperatures, with a definite downward curvature below 300 K, while that of LaNi2B2C is linear up to 600 K (the limits of this study.) There seems to be an extra scattering process in the superconducting compounds which freezes out below 300 K. The thermopowers of the two superconducting compounds are identical, being small and negative, while that of LaNi2B2C is also negative, but is greater in magnitude. Analysis of the thermopower data reveals that LaNi2B2C has a factor of 2 larger electron diffusion term than the Y and Ho containing compounds, and that the latter values are nearly a factor of 10 smaller than expected from band theory. The Hall coefficient for all three materials is negative, small and shows some temperature dependence. At 300 K the carrier density for YNi2B2C is estimated to be 1.7 electrons per formula unit.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics