Nonlinear transport phenomena and current-induced hydrodynamics in ultrahigh mobility two-dimensional electron gas

Z. T. Wang, M. Hilke, N. Fong, D. G. Austing, S. A. Studenikin, K. W. West, L. N. Pfeiffer

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on nonlinear transport phenomena at high filling factor and DC current-induced electronic hydrodynamics in an ultrahigh mobility (μ=20×106cm2/Vs) two-dimensional electron gas in a narrow (15-μm wide) GaAs/AlGaAs Hall bar for DC current densities reaching 0.67 A/m. The various phenomena and the boundaries between the phenomena are captured together in a two-dimensional differential resistivity map as a function of magnetic field (up to 250 mT) and DC current. This map, which resembles a phase diagram, demarcate distinct regions dominated by Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) oscillations (and phase inversion of these oscillations) around zero DC current; negative magnetoresistance and a double-peak feature (both ballistic in origin) around zero field; and Hall field-induced resistance oscillations (HIROs) radiating out from the origin. From a detailed analysis of the data near zero field, we show that increasing the DC current suppresses the electron-electron scattering length that drives a growing hydrodynamic contribution to both the differential longitudinal and transverse (Hall) resistivities. Our approach to induce hydrodynamics with DC current differs from the more usual approach of changing the temperature. We also find a significant (factor of two to four) difference between the quantum lifetime extracted from SdH oscillations, and the quantum lifetime extracted from HIROs. In addition to observing HIRO peaks up to the seventh order, we observe an unexpected HIRO-like feature close to midway between the first-order and the second-order HIRO maxima at high DC current.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195406
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume107
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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