Nonlinear spectrometry of chromophores for optical limiting

D. J. Hagan, E. Miesak, R. Negres, S. Ross, J. Lim, E. W. Van Stryland, A. Dogariu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We describe two methods for the spectral measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in reverse-saturable absorber materials. In the first, we use a picosecond optical parametric oscillator to perform Z-scan at many different wavelengths to measure excited state refraction and absorption cross sections throughout the visible. The second method uses a chirped-pulse amplification scheme to produce 100 fs pulses at 840 nm. Focusing these into sapphire generates a white light continuum that is used as a probe in an excite-probe experiment. The excitation beam is derived from the second harmonic of the remaining 840 nm light. By measurement of the transmission spectrum of the probe as a function of excite-probe delay time, we can determine the spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption cross section. Moreover, by use of Kramers-Krönig relations, the excited state refraction can also be extracted from this data. We describe our measurements using both methods in a Zn:tetrabenzporphyrine derivative (TBP). The fact that both methods give excellent agreement not only verifies the utility of continuum measurements, but also reveals some interesting properties of the excited states of TBP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-90
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes
EventNonlineair Optical Liquids for Power Limiting and Imaging - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 22 1998Jul 22 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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