Nonlinear Fluctuating Hydrodynamics for the Classical XXZ Spin Chain

Avijit Das, Kedar Damle, Abhishek Dhar, David A. Huse, Manas Kulkarni, Christian B. Mendl, Herbert Spohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Using the framework of nonlinear fluctuating hydrodynamics (NFH), we examine equilibrium spatio-temporal correlations in classical ferromagnetic spin chains with nearest neighbor interactions. In particular, we consider the classical XXZ-Heisenberg spin chain (also known as Lattice Landau–Lifshitz or LLL model) evolving deterministically and chaotically via Hamiltonian dynamics, for which energy and z-magnetization are the only locally conserved fields. For the easy-plane case, this system has a low-temperature regime in which the difference between neighboring spin’s angular orientations in the XY plane is an almost conserved field. According to the predictions of NFH, the dynamic correlations in this regime exhibit a heat peak and propagating sound peaks, all with anomalous broadening. We present a detailed molecular dynamics test of these predictions and find a reasonably accurate verification. We find that, in a suitable intermediate temperature regime, the system shows two sound peaks with Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) scaling and a heat peak where the expected anomalous broadening is less clear. In high temperature regimes of both easy plane and easy axis case of LLL, our numerics show clear diffusive spin and energy peaks and absence of any sound modes, as one would expect. We also simulate an integrable version of the XXZ-model, for which the ballistic component instead moves with a broad range of speeds rather than being concentrated in narrower peaks around the sound speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-262
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Statistical Physics
Issue number1-6
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


  • Dynamical correlations
  • Heisenberg spin chain
  • Hydrodynamics


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