Nonequilibrium gas-liquid transition in the driven-dissipative photonic lattice

Matteo Biondi, Gianni Blatter, Hakan E. Türeci, Sebastian Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


We study the nonequilibrium steady state of the driven-dissipative Bose-Hubbard model with Kerr nonlinearity. Employing a mean-field decoupling for the intercavity hopping J, we find that the steep crossover between low and high photon-density states inherited from the single cavity transforms into a gas-liquid bistability at large cavity-coupling J. We formulate a van der Waals-like gas-liquid phenomenology for this nonequilibrium setting and determine the relevant phase diagrams, including a new type of diagram where a lobe-shaped boundary separates smooth crossovers from sharp, hysteretic transitions. Calculating quantum trajectories for a one-dimensional system, we provide insights into the microscopic origin of the bistability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043809
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 5 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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