A theory, developed in collaboration with Fisher, of the nonequilibrium behavior of spin glasses for temperatures, T, below the ordering temperature, Tg, is first reviewed. The magnetic structure factor, S(q), of a spin glass that is magnetized either due to the presence of a uniform magnetic field, h, or due to having been field cooled to T<Tg is then examined. It is found that long-range spin-glass correlations, if present, are directly observable in S(q) whenever the sample is magnetized. For example, for T>Tg, h=0, and 0<q≪ξ-1s, where ξs is the correlation length of any short-range (e.g., spin-density wave, ferro- or antiferromagnetic) order, d2S(q)/dh 2∝-ĜEA(q), where ĜEA(q) is the Fourier transform of the usual Edwards-Anderson (spin-glass) correlation function. Thus, one can, in principle, directly measure (a) the spin-glass correlation length when the sample is at equilibrium, and (b) the nonequilibrium spin-glass correlation length (domain size) when the sample is in a nonequilibrium state produced by field cooling.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)