Non-durable consumption and housing net worth in the Great Recession: Evidence from easily accessible data

Greg Kaplan, Kurt Mitman, Giovanni L. Violante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


In an influential paper, Mian, Rao, and Sufi (2013) exploit geographic variation to measure the effect of the fall in housing net worth on household expenditures during the Great Recession. Their widely-cited estimates are based on proprietary house price and proprietary expenditure data and therefore not easily replicable. We use alternative data on a subset of non-durable goods and on house prices, which are more easily accessible, to replicate their study. When estimating their same specification on our data, we obtain values for the elasticity of expenditures to the housing net worth shock that are virtually indistinguishable from theirs. However, our robustness analyses with respect to alternative model specifications yield more nuanced conclusions about the separate roles of house prices and initial housing exposure/leverage for the drop in expenditures. Moreover, the estimated elasticity is consistent, theoretically and quantitatively, with a simple calibrated model with wealth effects where leverage and credit constraints play no role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104176
JournalJournal of Public Economics
StatePublished - Sep 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


  • Consumption
  • Great Recession
  • House prices
  • Household balance sheet
  • Non-durable expenditures
  • Replication
  • Wealth effect


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