NMR characterization of composite polymer membranes for low-humidity PEM fuel cells

Isabella Nicotera, Tao Zhang, Andrew Bruce Bocarsly, Steven Greenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Composite membranes prepared by incorporating Si O2, Ti O2, or Zr (HP O4) 2 particles into Nafion exhibit enhanced performance in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells tested at elevated temperatures compared to filler-free Nafion when operating under lower relative humidity. Water-transport properties of these membranes were investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, including pulsed-field-gradient spin-echo diffusion, spin-lattice relaxation, and spectral measurements. At least two distinct water environments are observed in all materials, and the enhanced water uptake of the composites, relative to filler-free Nafion, is attributed to alteration of the pore structure of the membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)B466-B473
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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