Composite membranes prepared by incorporating Si O2, Ti O2, or Zr (HP O4) 2 particles into Nafion exhibit enhanced performance in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells tested at elevated temperatures compared to filler-free Nafion when operating under lower relative humidity. Water-transport properties of these membranes were investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, including pulsed-field-gradient spin-echo diffusion, spin-lattice relaxation, and spectral measurements. At least two distinct water environments are observed in all materials, and the enhanced water uptake of the composites, relative to filler-free Nafion, is attributed to alteration of the pore structure of the membrane.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Surfaces and Interfaces