NMR and NQR studies of copper oxide superconductors (invited)

W. W. Warren, R. E. Walstedt, G. F. Brennert, R. F. Bell, R. J. Cava, G. P. Espinosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


63,65Cu NMR and NQR measurements reveal remarkably different electronic character at the Cu(1) chain and Cu(2) plane sites in YBa2Cu3O7.0. In the normal state, spin-lattice relaxation rates at both sites are strongly enhanced relative to estimated d-band Korringa (T1) rates, but have sharply different temperature dependencies. Moreover, T1 anisotropy is greater than an enhanced Korringa model can account for. Below Tc, the temperature dependencies reveal significantly different spectra for quasiparticle excitation at the two sites with the strongest apparent energy gap occurring for the planar Cu(2) sites. At reduced oxygen content (YBa 2Cu3O6.7) the relaxation at the Cu(1) sites is only slightly (∼30%) less than observed for YBa2Cu 3O7.0 while the rates for the resonance at the frequency of the Cu(2) sites in YBa2Cu3O7.0 exhibit a large (∼2000 ×) decrease for a minority of planar Cu(2) sites indicates that these sites are electronically inactive. NMR shift measurements are used to analyze the susceptibility of YBa2Cu3O 7.0 and obtain an upper limit for the electronic density of states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6081-6086
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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