The overproduction or underproduction of nitric oxide has been implicated in pathological symptoms such as endotoxic shock, diabetes, allograft rejection, and myocardial ischimia/reperfusion injury. A thorough understanding of the biosynthesis of nitric oxide is necessary to probe and manipulate these signaling events. There is also considerable pharmacological interest in developing selective inhibitors of the several isoforms of nitric oxide synthase. The recently determined crystal structures of complexes between nitric oxide synthase and substrate, the mechanisms of the enzymatic reaction that generate nitric oxide and chemical precedents and models for these reactions are now coming into focus, but there are still numerous fascinating and unanswered questions regarding nitric oxide biosynthesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry