nIFTy galaxy cluster simulations - IV. Quantifying the influence of baryons on halo properties

Weiguang Cui, Chris Power, Alexander Knebe, Scott T. Kay, Federico Sembolini, Pascal J. Elahi, Gustavo Yepes, Frazer Pearce, Daniel Cunnama, Alexander M. Beck, Claudio Dalla Vecchia, Romeel Davé, Sean February, Shuiyao Huang, Alex Hobbs, Neal Katz, Ian G. McCarthy, Giuseppe Murante, Valentin Perret, Ewald PuchweinJustin I. Read, Alexandro Saro, Romain Teyssier, Robert J. Thacker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Building on the initial results of the nIFTy simulated galaxy cluster comparison, we compare and contrast the impact of baryonic physics with a single massive galaxy cluster, run with 11 state-of-the-art codes, spanning adaptive mesh, moving mesh, classic and modern smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) approaches. For each code represented we have a dark-matter-only (DM) and non-radiative (NR) version of the cluster, as well as a full physics (FP) version for a subset of the codes. We compare both radial mass and kinematic profiles, as well as global measures of the cluster (e.g. concentration, spin, shape), in the NR and FP runs with that in the DM runs. Our analysis reveals good consistency ≲20 per cent) between global properties of the cluster predicted by different codes when integrated quantities are measured within the virial radius R200. However, we see larger differences for quantities within R2500, especially in the FP runs. The radial profiles reveal a diversity, especially in the cluster centre, between the NR runs, which can be understood straightforwardly from the division of codes into classic SPH and non-classic SPH (including the modern SPH, adaptive and moving mesh codes); and between the FP runs, which can also be understood broadly from the division of codes into those that include active galactic nucleus feedback and those that do not. The variation with respect to the median is much larger in the FP runs with different baryonic physics prescriptions than in the NR runs with different hydrodynamics solvers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4052-4073
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 17 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Cosmology: Theory
  • Galaxies: Clusters: General
  • Galaxies: Evolution
  • Galaxies: Formation
  • Galaxies: Haloes
  • Methods: Numerical


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