Next-Generation Multiple Access Based on NOMA with Power Level Modulation

Xinyue Pei, Yingyang Chen, Miaowen Wen, Hua Yu, Erdal Panayirci, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


To cope with the explosive traffic growth expected in next-generation wireless networks, it is necessary to design next-generation multiple access techniques that can provide higher spectral efficiency as well as larger-scale connectivity. As a promising candidate, power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been widely studied. In conventional power-domain NOMA, multiple users are multiplexed in the same time and frequency band with different preset power levels, which, however, may limit the spectral efficiency under practical finite alphabet inputs. Inspired by the concept of spatial modulation, we propose to solve this problem by encoding extra information bits into the power levels, and exploiting different signal constellations to help the receiver distinguish between them. To convey this idea, termed power selection (PS)-NOMA, clearly, we consider a simple downlink two-user NOMA system with finite input constellations. Assuming maximum-likelihood detection, we derive closed-form approximate bit error rate (BER) expressions for both users. Moreover, the two-user achievable rate region is also characterized. Simulation results verify the analysis and show that the proposed PS-NOMA can outperform conventional NOMA in terms of BER and achievable rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1072-1083
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Bit error rate
  • achievable rate
  • finite alphabet input
  • next-generation multiple access (NGMA)
  • non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)


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