New trends in optical communications

Ivan Glesk, Robert J. Runser, Paul R. Prucnal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To increase the transmission capacity of future communication networks is becoming very critical. This task can only be accomplished by taking advantage of optical networks where multiplexing techniques such as Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) and Optical Time Division Multiplexing (OTDM) are employed. To avoid electronic bottlenecks a whole new generation of ultrafast devices is needed. To fulfill these needs a new class of all optical devices has been proposed and developed. By taking advantage of the nonlinear dynamics the semiconductor optical amplifiers in combination with the fiber interferometers a new generation of ultrafast all-optical demultiplexers and wavelength converters has been demonstrated. Newly developed broadband optical fiber, a new generation of fiber amplifiers, and extensive progress in dispersion management has helped substantially to increase bitrates and transmission distances (bandwidth-distance product) in the current optical networks. The latest technologies in the area of micro-machining have created very attractive low cost MEMS. Recently announced use of bubble technology for all-optical switching might also lead to the development of next generation large scale switching fabrics. In this paper we discuss progress and new trends in some of these areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-110
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE- The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4356
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • All-optical switching
  • Bubble technology
  • DWDM
  • Demultiplexing
  • MEMS
  • OTDM
  • Routing

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