## Abstract

We present a randomized procedure for rounding fractional perfect matchings to (integral) matchings. If the original fractional matching satisfies any linear inequality, then with high probability, the new matching satisfies that linear inequality in an approximate sense. This extends the well-known LP rounding procedure of Raghavan and Thompson, which is usually used to round fractional solutions of linear programs. It also solves an open problem of Luby and Nisan (`Design an NC procedure for converting near-optimum fractional matchings to near-optimum matchings.') We use the rounding procedure to design n^{O(log n/ε(2))} time algorithms for the following: (i) an additive approximation to the 0 - 1 Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP). (ii) a (1+ε)-approximation for `dense' instances of many well-known NP-hard problems, including (an optimization formulation of) GRAPH-ISOMORPHISM, MIN-CUT-LINEAR-ARRANGEMENT, MAX-ACYCLIC-SUBGRAPH, MIN-LINEAR-ARRANGEMENT, and BETWEENNESS. (A `dense' graph is one in which the number of edges is Ω(n^{2}); denseness for the other problems is defined in an analogous way.)

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 21-30 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science - Proceedings |

State | Published - 1996 |

Event | Proceedings of the 1996 37th Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science - Burlington, VT, USA Duration: Oct 14 1996 → Oct 16 1996 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Hardware and Architecture