New CrH opacities for the study of L and brown dwarf atmospheres

Adam S. Burrows, R. S. Ram, Peter Bernath, C. M. Sharp, J. A. Milsom

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In this paper, we calculate new line lists and opacities for the 12 bands of the A 6Σ+-X6Σ+ transitions of the CrH molecule. Identified in objects of the new L dwarf spectroscopic class (many of which are brown dwarfs), as well as in sunspots, the CrH molecule plays an important role in the diagnosis of low-temperature atmospheres. As a tentative first application of these opacities, we employ our new theoretical CrH data in an atmospheres code to obtain a CrH/H2 number ratio for the skin of the L5 dwarf 2MASSI J1507038-151648 of ∼(2-4) × 10-9, in rough agreement with chemical equilibrium expectations. Since in previous compilations the oscillator strength was off by more than an order of magnitude, this agreement represents a modest advance. However, in order to fit the CrH abundance in the L dwarf spectral class, silicate clouds need to be incorporated into the model. Given that this subject is still in a primitive stage of development, one should view any spectral model in the L dwarf range as merely tentative. Nevertheless, a necessary first step in L dwarf modeling is a reliable CrH opacity algorithm, and this is what we have here attempted to provide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)986-992
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Astrochemistry
  • Infrared: stars
  • Molecular data
  • Stars: atmospheres
  • Stars: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs


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