Neuronal release of serotonin in the cerebellum of behaving rats: An in vivo microdialysis study

Anna Mendlin, Francisco J. Martín, Lynne E. Rueter, Barry L. Jacobs

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Release of endogenous serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] in the cerebellum of awake rats was characterized using in vivo microdialysis. 5-HT output was increased (~70%) by local application of KCl (100 mM) and was reduced (~60%) by both tetrodotoxin (0.5 μM) and omission of Ca2+ from the perfusion fluid. 5-HT release was decreased (~70%) by the selective 5- HT(1A) agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (0.25 mg/kg, s.c.), and this effect was rapidly reversed by a selective 5-HT(1A) antagonist, N-[2- [4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-(2-pyridinyl) cyclohexanecarboxamide trihydrochloride (WAY-100635; 0.1 mg/kg, i.p.). These results indicate that a large portion of the measurable 5-HT output in the cerebellum is of neuronal origin, is dependent on impulse flow, and is sensitive to 5-HT(1A) autoreceptor activation. Further studies examined the relationship between 5-HT levels and general activity of the animals across the light-dark transition and during behavioral manipulations. Both 5-HT levels and behavioral activity were significantly elevated during the dark period, with changes in 5-HT efflux closely paralleling changes in activity. Similar increases (~40%) in 5-HT output were observed during both feeding and feeding in the presence of a stressor (tail pinch). These findings suggest that behavioral state is an important factor determining neuronal 5- HT release in cerebellum under physiological conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-622
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Biochemistry


  • 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors
  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine
  • Activity
  • Light-dark transition
  • Serotonin
  • Tetrodotoxin


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