Neural processes in the human temporoparietal cortex separated by localized independent component analysis

Kajsa M. Igelström, Taylor W. Webb, Michael S.A. Graziano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The human temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is a topic of intense research. Imaging studies have identified TPJ activation in association with many higher-order functions such as theory-of-mind, episodic memory, and attention, causing debate about the distribution of different processes. One major challenge is the lack of consensus about the anatomical location and extent of the TPJ. Here, we address this problem using data-driven analysis to test the hypothesis that the bilateral TPJ can be parcellated into subregions. We applied independent component analysis (ICA) to task-free fMRI data within a local region around the bilateral TPJ, iterating the ICA at multiple model orders and in several datasets. The localized analysis allowed finer separation of processes and the use of multiple dimensionalities provided qualitative information about lateralization.Weidentified four subdivisions that were bilaterally symmetrical and one that was right biased. To test whether the independent components (ICs) reflected true subdivisions, we performed functional connectivity analysis using the IC coordinates as seeds. This confirmed that the subdivisions belonged to distinct networks. The right-biased IC was connected with a network often associated with attentional processing. One bilateral subdivision was connected to sensorimotor regions and another was connected to auditory regions. One subdivision that presented as distinct left- and right-biased ICs was connected to frontoparietal regions. Another subdivision that also had left- and right-biased ICs was connected to social or defaultmodenetworks. Our results show that the TPJ in both hemispheres hosts multiple neural processes with connectivity patterns consistent with well developed specialization and lateralization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9432-9445
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume35
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Cortical parcellation
  • Inferior parietal lobule
  • Probabilistic independent component analysis
  • Resting-state functional connectivity
  • Supramarginal and angular gyrus
  • Temporoparietal junction cortex

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