Neural net modeling of equilibria in NSTX-U

J. T. Wai, M. D. Boyer, E. Kolemen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Neural networks (NNs) offer a path towards synthesizing and interpreting data on faster timescales than traditional physics-informed computational models. In this work we develop two NNs relevant to equilibrium and shape control modeling, which are part of a suite of tools being developed for the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade for fast prediction, optimization, and visualization of plasma scenarios. The networks include Eqnet, a free-boundary equilibrium solver trained on the EFIT01 (Equilibrium FITtting 01) reconstruction algorithm, and Pertnet, which is trained on the Gspert code and predicts the non-rigid plasma response, a nonlinear term that arises in shape control modeling. The NNs are trained with different combinations of inputs and outputs in order to offer flexibility in use cases. In particular, Eqnet can use magnetic diagnostics as inputs and act as an EFIT-like reconstruction algorithm, or, by using pressure and current profile information the NN can act as a forward Grad-Shafranov equilibrium solver. This forward-mode version is envisioned to be implemented in the suite of tools for simulation of plasma scenarios. The reconstruction-mode version gives some performance improvements compared to the online reconstruction code real-time EFIT, especially when vessel eddy currents are significant. We report strong performance for all NNs indicating that the models could reliably be used within closed-loop simulations or other applications. Some limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number086042
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • equilibrium
  • neural net
  • shape control


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