Networks and financial war: The brothers Warburg in the first age of globalization

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This article examines the geo-economic consequences of the financial panic of October 1907. The vulnerability of the United States, but also of Germany, contrasted with the absence of a crisis in Great Britain. The experience showed the fast-growing industrial powers the desirability of mobilizing financial power, and the article examines the contributions of two influential brothers, Max and Paul Warburg, on different sides of the Atlantic. The discussion led to the establishment of a central bank in the United States and institutional improvements in German central banking: In both cases security as well as economic considerations played a substantial role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-318
Number of pages16
JournalFinancial History Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Finance


  • Acceptance market
  • Central banks
  • Financial crisis
  • Globalization


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