Nearly optimal static Las Vegas succinct dictionary

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Given a set S of n (distinct) keys from key space [U], each associated with a value from ς, the static dictionary problem asks to preprocess these (key, value) pairs into a data structure, supporting value-retrieval queries: for any given xg [U], valRet(x) must return the value associated with x if xg S, or return g¥ if xg‰ S. The special case where |ς|=1 is called the membership problem. The "textbook" solution is to use a hash table, which occupies linear space and answers each query in constant time. On the other hand, the minimum possible space to encode all (key, value) pairs is only OPT:= glg2(Un)+nlg2|ς|g‰ bits, which could be much less. In this paper, we design a randomized dictionary data structure using OPT+lgn+O(lglglglglgU) bits of space, and it has expected constant query time, assuming the query algorithm can access an external lookup table of size n0.001. The lookup table depends only on U, n and |ς|, and not the input. Previously, even for membership queries and U≤ nO(1), the best known data structure with constant query time requires OPT+n/lgn bits of space by Pagh (SIAM J. Comput. 2001) and PÇtraşcu (FOCS 2008); the best known using OPT+n0.999 space has query time O(lgn); the only known non-trivial data structure with OPT+n0.001 space has O(lgn) query time and requires a lookup table of size ≥ n2.99 (!). Our new data structure answers open questions by PÇtraşcu and Thorup.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSTOC 2020 - Proceedings of the 52nd Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing
EditorsKonstantin Makarychev, Yury Makarychev, Madhur Tulsiani, Gautam Kamath, Julia Chuzhoy
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1389-1401
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781450369794
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2020
Event52nd Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing, STOC 2020 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Jun 22 2020Jun 26 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
ISSN (Print)0737-8017

Conference

Conference52nd Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing, STOC 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period6/22/206/26/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software

Keywords

  • Dictionary
  • Las vegas algorithm
  • Locally decodable source coding
  • Succinct data structure

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