Extensive photometric monitoring of KH 15D, an enigmatic variable in the young star cluster NGC 2264, has been conducted. Simultaneous and accurate near-infrared photometry (JHK, bands) between 2003 December and 2005 March is presented, covering most of the variable phase. The infrared variability is characterized by a large-amplitude and long-lasting eclipse, as observed in the optical. The period of variability is 48.3 ± 0.2 days, the maximum photometric amplitude of variability is ∼4.2 mag, and the eclipse duration is ∼0,5 in phase units. These are consistent with the most recent period, amplitude, and duration in the optical. The blueing of the J-H color (∼0.16 mag) during eclipse, which has been suggested before, is unambiguously confirmed; a similar blueing at H-K, is less clear but is probably present at a similar level. The overall shape of the JHK, light curves is very similar to the optical one, including a fair time symmetry and less stable flux during eclipse, with a slight hump near zero phase. Most of these variability features of KH 15D observed at near-infrared wavelengths can be explained with the recent model that employs an eclipse by an inclined, precessing disk and an outer scattering region around a pre-main-sequence binary.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
- Circumstellar matter
- Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
- Stars: individual (KH 15D)
- Stars: pre-main-sequence