Nature of the quantum metal in a two-dimensional crystalline superconductor

A. W. Tsen, B. Hunt, Y. D. Kim, Z. J. Yuan, S. Jia, R. J. Cava, J. Hone, P. Kim, C. R. Dean, A. N. Pasupathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

235 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) materials are not expected to be metals at low temperature owing to electron localization. Consistent with this, pioneering studies on thin films reported only superconducting and insulating ground states, with a direct transition between the two as a function of disorder or magnetic field. However, more recent works have revealed the presence of an intermediate quantum metallic state occupying a substantial region of the phase diagram, whose nature is intensely debated. Here, we observe such a state in the disorder-free limit of a crystalline 2D superconductor, produced by mechanical co-lamination of NbSe 2 in an inert atmosphere. Under a small perpendicular magnetic field, we induce a transition from superconductor to the quantum metal. We find a unique power-law scaling with field in this phase, which is consistent with the Bose-metal model where metallic behaviour arises from strong phase fluctuations caused by the magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-212
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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