Nanoscale Transforming Mineral Phases in Fresh Nacre

Ross T. Devol, Chang Yu Sun, Matthew A. Marcus, Susan N. Coppersmith, Satish Chandra Babu Myneni, Pupa U.P.A. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nacre, or mother-of-pearl, the iridescent inner layer of many mollusk shells, is a biomineral lamellar composite of aragonite (CaCO3) and organic sheets. Biomineralization frequently occurs via transient amorphous precursor phases, crystallizing into the final stable biomineral. In nacre, despite extensive attempts, amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) precursors have remained elusive. They were inferred from non-nacre-forming larval shells, or from a residue of amorphous material surrounding mature gastropod nacre tablets, and have only once been observed in bivalve nacre. Here we present the first direct observation of ACC precursors to nacre formation, obtained from the growth front of nacre in gastropod shells from red abalone (Haliotis rufescens), using synchrotron spectromicroscopy. Surprisingly, the abalone nacre data show the same ACC phases that are precursors to calcite (CaCO3) formation in sea urchin spicules, and not proto-aragonite or poorly crystalline aragonite (pAra), as expected for aragonitic nacre. In contrast, we find pAra in coral.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13325-13333
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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