Nanocavity integrated van der Waals heterostructure light-emitting tunneling diode

Chang Hua Liu, Genevieve Clark, Taylor Fryett, Sanfeng Wu, Jiajiu Zheng, Fariba Hatami, Xiaodong Xu, Arka Majumdar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations


Developing a nanoscale, integrable, and electrically pumped single mode light source is an essential step toward on-chip optical information technologies and sensors. Here, we demonstrate nanocavity enhanced electroluminescence in van der Waals heterostructures (vdWhs) at room temperature. The vertically assembled light-emitting device uses graphene/boron nitride as top and bottom tunneling contacts and monolayer WSe2 as an active light emitter. By integrating a photonic crystal cavity on top of the vdWh, we observe the electroluminescence is locally enhanced (>4 times) by the nanocavity. The emission at the cavity resonance is single mode and highly linearly polarized (84%) along the cavity mode. By applying voltage pulses, we demonstrate direct modulation of this single mode electroluminescence at a speed of ∼1 MHz, which is faster than most of the planar optoelectronics based on transition metal chalcogenides (TMDCs). Our work shows that cavity integrated vdWhs present a promising nanoscale optoelectronic platform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-205
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Electroluminescence
  • Optoelectronics
  • Photonic crystal cavity
  • Transition metal dichalcogenides
  • Van der Waals heterostructure

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    Liu, C. H., Clark, G., Fryett, T., Wu, S., Zheng, J., Hatami, F., Xu, X., & Majumdar, A. (2017). Nanocavity integrated van der Waals heterostructure light-emitting tunneling diode. Nano Letters, 17(1), 200-205.