Nafion® 115/zirconium phosphate composite membranes for operation of PEMFCs above 100 °C

P. Costamagna, C. Yang, Andrew Bruce Bocarsly, S. Srinivasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

391 Scopus citations

Abstract

Composite Nafion/zirconium phosphate membranes were investigated for high temperature operation of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The composite membranes were prepared via impregnation of Nafion films (either commercial Nafion 115 or recast Nafion) with zirconyl chloride and 1 M phosphoric acid at 80 °C. An MEA employing a composite membrane prepared starting from commercial Nafion 115 gave a H2/O2 PEMFC performance of about 1000 mA/cm2 at 0.45 V at a temperature of 130 °C and a pressure of 3 bar; this result compares very favorably with the performance of an MEA based on commercial unmodified Nafion, which gave only 250 mA/cm2 at 0.45 V when operated under the same conditions of temperature and pressure. Similar experiments performed with recast Nafion and recast Nafion/zirconium phosphate composites confirmed an analogous improvement of performance of the composite membranes over the unimpregnated ones. In this case, the composite recast Nafion/zirconium phosphate gave about 1500 mA/cm2 at 0.45 V at a temperature of 130 °C and a pressure of 3 bar. The composite membranes showed stable behavior during time when maintained at 130 °C, while irreversible degradation affected Nafion under the same conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1033
Number of pages11
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Keywords

  • Fuel cells
  • Nafion
  • Organic/inorganic composites
  • Proton conducting membranes
  • Zirconium phosphate

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