Multiwavelength study of X-ray luminous clusters in the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program S16A field

Keita Miyaoka, Nobuhiro Okabe, Takao Kitaguchi, Masamune Oguri, Yasushi Fukazawa, Rachel Mandelbaum, Elinor Medezinski, Yasunori Babazaki, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Takashi Hamana, Yen Ting Lin, Hiroki Akamatsu, I. Non Chiu, Yutaka Fujita, Yuto Ichinohe, Yutaka Komiyama, Toru Sasaki, Motokazu Takizawa, Shutaro Ueda, Keiichi UmetsuJean Coupon, Chiaki Hikage, Akio Hoshino, Alexie Leauthaud, Kyoko Matsushita, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Hironao Miyatake, Satoshi Miyazaki, Surhud More, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Naomi Ota, Kousuke Sato, David Spergel, Takayuki Tamura, Masayuki Tanaka, Manobu M. Tanaka, Yousuke Utsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We present a joint X-ray, optical, and weak-lensing analysis for X-ray luminous galaxy clusters selected from the MCXC (Meta-Catalog of X-Ray Detected Clusters of Galaxies) cluster catalog in the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program (HSC-SSP) survey field with S16A data. As a pilot study for a series of papers, we measure hydrostatic equilibrium (HE) masses using XMM-Newton data for four clusters in the current coverage area out of a sample of 22 MCXC clusters. We additionally analyze a non-MCXC cluster associated with one MCXC cluster. We show that HE masses for the MCXC clusters are correlated with cluster richness from the CAMIRA catalog, while that for the non-MCXC cluster deviates from the scaling relation. The mass normalization of the relationship between cluster richness and HE mass is compatible with one inferred by matching CAMIRA cluster abundance with a theoretical halo mass function. The mean gas mass fraction based on HE masses for the MCXC clusters is (fgas) = 0.125 ± 0.012 at spherical overdensity Δ = 500, which is ∼80%-90% of the cosmic mean baryon fraction, Ωb/Ωm,measured by cosmicmicrowave background experiments. We find that themean baryon fraction estimated from X-ray and HSC-SSP optical data is comparable to Ωb/Ωm. A weak-lensing shear catalog of background galaxies, combined with photometric redshifts, is currently available only for three clusters in our sample. Hydrostatic equilibrium masses roughly agree with weak-lensing masses, albeit with large uncertainty. This study demonstrates that further multi wave length study for a large sample of clusters using X-ray, HSC-SSP optical, and weak-lensing data will enable us to understand cluster physics and utilize cluster-based cosmology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberS22
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue numberSpecial Issue 1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Clusters
  • Clusters
  • Galaxies
  • Galaxies
  • Intracluster medium-galaxies
  • Stellar content-gravitational lensing
  • Weak-X-rays


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