Multivalley two-dimensional electron system in an AlAs quantum well with mobility exceeding 2×106 cm2 V-1 s-1

Yoon Jang Chung, K. A. Villegas Rosales, H. Deng, K. W. Baldwin, K. W. West, M. Shayegan, L. N. Pfeiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Degenerate conduction-band minima, or "valleys", in materials such as Si, AlAs, graphene, and MoS2 allow them to host two-dimensional electron systems (2DESs) that can access a valley degree of freedom. These multivalley 2DESs present exciting opportunities for both pragmatic and fundamental research alike because not only are they a platform for valleytronic devices, but they also provide a tool to tune and investigate the properties of complex many-body ground states. Here, we report ultra-high-quality, modulation-doped AlAs quantum wells containing 2DESs that occupy two anisotropic valleys and have electron mobilities peaking at 2.4×106cm2V-1s-1 at a density of 2.2×1011cm-2. This is more than an order of magnitude improvement in mobility over previous results. The unprecedented quality of our samples is demonstrated by magneto-transport data that show high-order fractional quantum Hall minima up to the Landau level filling ν=8/17, and even the elusive ν=1/5 quantum Hall state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number071001
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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