Multidimensional inventory of black identity: A preliminary investigation of reliability and construct validity

Robert M. Sellers, Stephanie A.J. Rowley, Tabbye M. Chavous, J. Nicole Shelton, Mia A. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

584 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study presents preliminary evidence regarding the reliability and validity of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI). The MIBI consists of 7 subscales representing 3 stable dimensions of African American racial identity (Centrality, Ideology, and Regard). Responses to the MIBI were collected from 474 African American college students from a predominantly African American university (n = 185) and a predominantly White university (n = 289). As the result of factor analysis, a revised 51-item scale was developed. Evidence was found for 6 subscales. The Public Regard subscale was dropped because of poor internal consistency. Interscale correlations suggest that the MIBI is internally valid. Relationships among the MIBI subscales and race-related behavior suggest that the instrument has external validity. Descriptive statistics for the revised MIBI are provided for the entire sample as well as by school.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-815
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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