Multi-Tier Caching for Statistical-QoS Driven Digital Twins over mURLLC-Based 6G Massive-MIMO Mobile Wireless Networks Using FBC

Xi Zhang, Qixuan Zhu, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Digital Twin (DT) has been widely envisioned as a major intelligent application of 6G wireless networks requiring stringent quality-of-service (QoS) for massive ultra-reliable and low latency communications (mURLLC) to support efficient interactions between physical and virtual objects. As a key multi-tier computing (MTC) technique of 6G mobile networks, multi-tier caching stores the highly-demanded data at different wireless network tiers to significantly reduce mURLLC-streaming delay and data move. However, how to efficiently cache mURLLC data at different caching tiers in wireless networks and how to support both delay and error-rate bounded QoS for DT remain challenging problems. To conquer these difficulties, in this paper we propose to integrate multi-tier caching with finite blocklength coding for supporting mURLLC-based DT by developing multi-tier 6G massive-multiple-input-multiple-output (M-MIMO) mobile networks. First, we develop the efficient inter-tier and intra-tier collaborative multi-tier caching mechanisms, where popular DT data items are selectively cached at different wireless network caching tiers including: router tier, M-MIMO base-station (BS)/WiFi-AP tier, and mobile device tier. Second, our proposed inter-tier caching mechanisms maximize the aggregate caching gain, in terms of DT-based ϵ-effective capacity, across three caching tiers to support statistical delay and error-rate bounded QoS. Third, we develop the intra-tier caching algorithm to optimize each caching-tier's QoS. Finally, our extensive numerical analyses show our developed schemes' performances-superiorities over existing schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-49
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • 6G
  • DT
  • DT-based ϵ -effective capacity
  • FBC
  • M-MIMO
  • mURLLC
  • multi-tier caching
  • statistical delay and error-rate bounded QoS


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