Monte Carlo simulations of H2O-CaCl2 and H2O-CaCl2-CO2 mixtures

Evaline S. Tsai, Hao Jiang, Athanassios Z. Panagiotopoulos

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14 Scopus citations


Monte Carlo simulations were performed to obtain the phase behavior of binary H2O-CaCl2 and ternary H2O-CaCl2-CO2 mixtures over a range of conditions. The solubility of CO2 in brines plays a key role in determining the amount that can be trapped via geological carbon storage. Isobaric-isothermal and Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo simulations with several fixed-point charge force field models were used for the calculations of liquid densities and vapor pressures for the binary, and compositions of both phases for the ternary system. We used the SPC and SPC/E models for water; the Åqvist, Deublein et al., and Smith-Dang parameterizations for CaCl2; and the EPM2, Murthy et al., and TraPPE models for CO2. While none of the model combinations were able to reproduce all the properties of interest, we found that some combinations produce accurate descriptions of individual properties. For the binary system, liquid densities are well represented by the SPC/E and Åqvist model combination, and vapor pressures are best described by the SPC and Åqvist model combination. For CO2 solubility in aqueous CaCl2, the combination of SPC, Smith-Dang, and TraPPE models gives the best predictions, but all the models studied show good predictive capabilities, given that no intermolecular potential parameters were optimized in the present study. These results are broadly consistent with previous calculations for the H2O-NaCl-CO2 system; CaCl2 is found to have a stronger salting-out effect than NaCl at the same molality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-268
Number of pages7
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
StatePublished - Apr 23 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


  • Aqueous electrolytes
  • Gas solubility
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Vapor-liquid equilibrium


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