Monopole Floer homology is used to prove that real projective three-space cannot be obtained from Dehn surgery on a nontrivial knot in the three-sphere. To obtain this result, we use a surgery long exact sequence for monopole Floer homology, together with a nonvanishing theorem, which shows that monopole Floer homology detects the unknot. In addition, we apply these techniques to give information about knots which admit lens space surgeries, and to exhibit families of three-manifolds which do not admit taut foliations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty