Monitoring, Money And Migrants: Countering post-accession backsliding in Bulgaria And Romania

Philip Levitz, Grigore Pop-Eleches

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Using cross-national governance indicators and evidence from a recent Bulgarian survey, this essay examines political reforms in Bulgaria and Romania since EU accession and, in particular, the 'backsliding' hypothesis-that these countries have abandoned or reversed the reforms they introduced in order to qualify for membership of the European Union. It finds no systematic evidence either that these countries have been backsliding or that their trajectories difler significantly from their first-wave Central and East European neighbours, though governance reforms have slowed after accession. The second part of the essay focuses on the mechanisms responsible for the lack of significant backsliding, emphasising the role of continued conditionality through the safeguard clauses, EU funding and increasing linkage between new and old EU members, including opportunities for East Europeans to work and travel in Western Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-479
Number of pages19
JournalSoviet Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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