Momentum dependence of superconducting gap, strong-coupling dispersion kink, and tightly bound Cooper pairs in the high- Tc (Sr,Ba) 1-x(K,Na)xFe2As2 superconductors

L. Wray, D. Qian, D. Hsieh, Y. Xia, L. Li, J. G. Checkelsky, A. Pasupathy, K. K. Gomes, C. V. Parker, A. V. Fedorov, G. F. Chen, J. L. Luo, A. Yazdani, N. P. Ong, N. L. Wang, M. Z. Hasan

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Abstract

We present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopic study of the high- Tc superconductor class (Sr/Ba) 1-x Kx Fe2 As2. By utilizing a photon-energy-modulation contrast and scattering geometry we report the Fermi surface and the momentum dependence of the superconducting gap, Δ (k→). A prominent quasiparticle dispersion kink reflecting strong scattering processes is observed in a binding-energy range of 25-55 meV in the superconducting state, and the coherence length or the extent of the Cooper pair wave function is found to be about 20 Å, which is uncharacteristic of a superconducting phase realized by the BCS-phonon-retardation mechanism. The observed 40±15 meV kink likely reflects contributions from the frustrated spin excitations in a J1 - J2 magnetic background and scattering from the soft phonons. Results taken collectively provide direct clues to the nature of the pairing potential including an internal phase-shift factor in the superconducting order parameter which leads to a Brillouin zone node in a strong-coupling setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number184508
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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