## Abstract

We consider radio applications where the nodes operate on batteries so that energy consumption must be minimized while satisfying given throughput and delay requirements. In this context, we analyze the best modulation strategy to minimize the total energy consumption required to send a given number of bits. The total energy consumption includes both the transmission energy and the circuit energy consumption. We show that for both MQAM and MFSK the transmission energy decreases with the BT_{on} product while the circuit energy consumption increases with T_{on}, where B is the modulation bandwidth and T_{on} is the transmission time. Thus, in short-range applications where the circuit energy consumption is nonnegligihle compared with the transmission energy, the total energy consumption is minimized by using the maximum system bandwidth along with an optimized transmission time T_{on}. We derive this optimal T_{on} for MQAM and MFSK modulation in both AWGN channels and Rayleigh fading channels. Our optimization considers both delay and peak-power constraints. Numerical examples are given, where we exhibit up to 68% energy savings over modulation strategies that minimize the transmission energy alone.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 2805-2811 |

Number of pages | 7 |

Journal | IEEE International Conference on Communications |

Volume | 4 |

State | Published - 2003 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 2003 International Conference on Communications (ICC 2003) - Anchorage, AK, United States Duration: May 11 2003 → May 15 2003 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering