Modeling thermionic emission from laser-heated nanoparticles

J. M. Mitrani, M. N. Shneider, B. C. Stratton, Y. Raitses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


An adjusted form of thermionic emission is applied to calculate emitted current from laser-heated nanoparticles and to interpret time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TR-LII) signals. This adjusted form of thermionic emission predicts significantly lower values of emitted current compared to the commonly used Richardson-Dushman equation, since the buildup of positive charge in a laser-heated nanoparticle increases the energy barrier for further emission of electrons. Thermionic emission influences the particle's energy balance equation, which can influence TR-LII signals. Additionally, reports suggest that thermionic emission can induce disintegration of nanoparticle aggregates when the electrostatic Coulomb repulsion energy between two positively charged primary particles is greater than the van der Waals bond energy. Since the presence and size of aggregates strongly influences the particle's energy balance equation, using an appropriate form of thermionic emission to calculate emitted current may improve interpretation of TR-LII signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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