Modeling the haloperoxidases: Reversible oxygen atom transfer between bromide ion and an oxo-Mn(V) porphyrin

Dorothée Lahaye, John Taylor Groves

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The manganese meso-dimethylimidazolium porphyrin complex Mn(III)[TDMImP] reacted with HOBr/OBr- to generate the corresponding oxo-Mn(V)[TDMImP] species. The rate of this process accelerated with increasing pH. A forward rate constant, kfor, of 1.65 × 106 M-1 s-1 was determined at pH 8. Under these conditions, the oxo-Mn(V) species is short-lived and is transformed into the corresponding oxo-Mn(IV) complex. A first-order rate constant, kobs, of 0.66 s-1 was found for this reduction process at pH 8. The mechanism of this reduction process, which was dependent on bromide ion, appeared to proceed via an intermediate Mn(III)-O-Br complex. Thus, both a fast, reversible Mn(III)-O-Br bond heterolysis and a slower homolytic pathway occur in parallel in this system. The reverse oxidation reaction between oxo-Mn(V)[TDMImP] and bromide was investigated as a function of pH. The rate of this oxo-transfer reaction (krev = 1.4 × 103 M-1 s-1 at pH 8) markedly accelerated as the pH was lowered. The observed first-order dependence of the rate on [H+] indicates that the reactive species responsible for bromide oxidation is a protonated oxo-hydroxo complex and the stable species present in solution at high pH is dioxo-Mn(V)[TDMImP], [O{double bond, long}Mn(V){double bond, long}O]-. The oxo-Mn(V) species retains nearly all of the oxidative driving force of the hypohalite. The equilibrium constant Kequi = kfor/krev for the reversible process was determined at three different pH values (Kequi = 1.15 × 103 at pH 8) allowing the measurement of the redox potentials E of oxo-Mn(V)/Mn(III) (E = 1.01 V at pH 8). The redox potential for this couple was extrapolated over the entire pH scale using the Nernst relationship and compared to those of the manganese 2- and 4-meso-N-methylpyridinium porphyrin couples oxo-Mn(V)[2-TMPyP]/Mn(III)[2-TMPyP], oxo-Mn(V)[4-TMPyP]/Mn(III)[4-TMPyP], OBr-/Br- and H2O2/H2O. Notably, the redox potential of oxo-Mn(V)/Mn(III) for the imidazolium porphyrin approaches that of H2O2/H2O at low pH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1786-1797
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - Nov 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


  • Bromoperoxidase
  • Chloroperoxidase
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Oxomanganese porphyrin
  • Redox potential


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