Modeling and simulation of cement hydration kinetics and microstructure development

Jeffrey J. Thomas, Joseph J. Biernacki, Jeffrey W. Bullard, Shashank Bishnoi, Jorge S. Dolado, George W. Scherer, Andreas Luttge

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

342 Scopus citations


Efforts to model and simulate the highly complex cement hydration process over the past 40 years are reviewed, covering different modeling approaches such as single particle models, mathematical nucleation and growth models, and vector and lattice-based approaches to simulating microstructure development. Particular attention is given to promising developments that have taken place in the past few years. Recent applications of molecular-scale simulation methods to understanding the structure and formation of calcium-silicate-hydrate phases, and to understanding the process of dissolution of cement minerals in water are also discussed, as these topics are highly relevant to the future development of more complete and fundamental hydration models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1278
Number of pages22
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


  • Hydration (A)
  • Kinetics (A)
  • Microstructure (B)
  • Modeling (E)


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