Modeling and Analysis of Near-Field ISAC

Boqun Zhao, Chongjun Ouyang, Yuanwei Liu, Xingqi Zhang, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As the technical trends for the next-generation wireless network significantly extend the near-field region, a performance reevaluation of integrated sensing and communications (ISAC) with an appropriate channel model to account for the effects introduced by the near field becomes essential. In this paper, a near-field ISAC framework is proposed for both downlink and uplink scenarios based on an accurate channel model. A uniform planar array is equipped at a base station, where the impacts of the effective aperture and polarization of antennas are considered. For the downlink case, three distinct designs are studied: a communications-centric (C-C) design, a sensing-centric (S-C) design, and a Pareto optimal design. Regarding the uplink case, the C-C design, the S-C design and a time-sharing strategy are considered. Within each design, sensing rates (SRs) and communication rates (CRs) are derived. To gain further insights, high signal-to-noise ratio slopes and rate scaling laws concerning the number of antennas are examined. The attainable near-field SR-CR regions of ISAC and the baseline frequency-division S&C are also characterized. Numerical results reveal that, as the number of antennas in the array grows, the SRs and CRs under our accurate model converge to finite values, while those under conventional far- and near-field models exhibit unbounded growth, highlighting the importance of precisely modeling the channels for near-field ISAC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Antenna arrays
  • Aperture antennas
  • Channel model
  • Channel models
  • Downlink
  • Sensors
  • Uplink
  • Vectors
  • effective aperture
  • integrated sensing and communications (ISAC)
  • near field
  • performance analysis
  • polarization mismatch


Dive into the research topics of 'Modeling and Analysis of Near-Field ISAC'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this