Misinformation, disinformation, and online propaganda

Andrew M. Guess, Benjamin A. Lyons

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

98 Scopus citations


The research literature on misinformation, disinformation, and propaganda is vast and sprawling. This chapter discusses descriptive research on the supply and availability of misinformation, patterns of exposure and consumption, and what is known aboutmechanisms behind its spread through networks. It provides a brief overview of theliterature on misinformation in political science and psychology, which provides a basis for understanding the phenomena discussed here. It then examines what we know about the effects of misinformation and how it is studied. It concludes with a discussion of gaps in our knowledge and future directions in research in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSocial Media and Democracy
Subtitle of host publicationThe State of the Field, Prospects for Reform
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781108890960
ISBN (Print)9781108835558
StatePublished - Sep 3 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


  • Digital
  • Disinformation
  • Fake news
  • Internet
  • Media
  • Misinformation
  • Networks
  • Propaganda
  • Social media


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