Observations from the first flight of the Medium Scale Anisotropy Measurement (MSAM1-92) are analyzed to search for the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect toward the Coma cluster. This balloon-borne instrument uses a 28′ FWHM beam and a three-position chopping pattern with a throw of ±40′. With spectral channels at 5.7, 9.3, 16.5, and 22.6 cm-1, the observations simultaneously sample the frequency range where the SZ spectral distortion in the intensity transitions from a decrement to an increment and where the fractional intensity change is substantially larger than in the Rayleigh-Jeans region. We set limits on the Comptonization parameter integrated over our antenna pattern, Δy ≤ 8.0 × 10-5 (2 σ). For a spherically symmetric isothermal model, this implies a central Comptonization parameter y0 ≤ 2.0 × 10-4 or a central electron density n0 ≤ 5.8 × 10-3 cm-3 h50, a result consistent with central densities implied by X-ray brightness measurements and central Comptonization estimates from lower frequency observations of the SZ effect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
- Cosmic microwave background
- Cosmology: observations galaxies : clusters : general
- Intergalactic medium